A fémek eredete, használata és forgalmazása az európai bronzkorban. Összefoglaló publikáció a tudományos vita jelenlegi helyzetéről / Miljana Radivojević et al: The Provenance, Use, and Circulation of Metals in the European Bronze Age: The State of Debate

Miljana Radivojević, Benjamin W. Roberts, Ernst Pernicka, Zofia Stos‑Gale, Marcos Martinon‑Torres, Thilo Rehren, Peter Bray, Dirk Brandherm, Johan Ling, Jianjun Mei, Helle Vandkilde,•Kristian Kristiansen, Stephen J. Shennan, Cyprian Broodbank: The Provenance, Use, and Circulation of Metals in the European Bronze Age: The State of Debate. Journal of Archaeological Research https://doi.org/10.1007/s10814-018-9123-9
Bronze is the defining metal of the European Bronze Age and has been at the center of archaeological and science-based research for well over a century. Archaeometallurgical studies have largely focused on determining the geological origin of the constituent metals, copper and tin, and their movement from producer to consumer sites. More recently, the effects of recycling, both temporal and spatial, on the composition of the circulating metal stock have received much attention. Also, discussions of the value and perception of bronze, both as individual objects and as hoarded material, continue to be the focus of scholarly debate. Here, we bring together the sometimes-diverging views of several research groups on these topics in an attempt to find common ground and set out the major directions of the debate,for the benefit of future research. The paper discusses how to determine and interpret the geological provenance of new metal entering the system; the circulation of extant metal across time and space, and how this is seen in changing compositional signatures; and some economic aspects of metal production. These include the roleof metal-producing communities within larger economic settings, quantifying the amount of metal present at any one time within a society, and aspects of hoarding, a distinctive European phenomenon that is less prevalent in the Middle Eastern and Asian Bronze Age societies.
Keywords: Bronze Age · Metal · Mining · Provenance · Circulation · Recycling ·Trade"



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